Over time, all fiat currencies are either slowly or quickly debased by governments who mandate them as legal tender for paying taxes. When it suits their political agenda, central authorities dilute the value of their fiat currency by cranking up the printing presses to spew out new paper notes. Thus, fiat currencies have never been a good long term store of value.
Gold, on the other hand is much more scarce than paper that can be printed on a whim by central authorities. It’s much more expensive and time consuming to dig gold out of the ground than loading ink and wood pulp into the printing presses and pushing the ON button. Thus, relative to fiat currency, gold is an excellent store of value over the long term. However, due to physical constraints, using gold for day to day transactions is not as practical or fluid as using fiat paper currencies.
Bitcoin, unlike any monetary system invented over 5,000 years of human history, has the potential to function BOTH as a great store of value AND as a seamless medium of exchange for day to day transactions without any centralized, elitist, “supervision and control“.
The figure below shows the ideal scenario for Bitcoin to destroy the existing, entrenched, archaic, global financial system run by bureaucrats and rich, elitist bankers who can crash a financial system while suffering no consequences themselves.
As more and more “regular people” like you and me become aware of Bitcoin’s unprecedented potential to kill two birds with one stone without any centralized authority meddling in our affairs, more and more people will try to start using bitcoin for daily transactions AND to store their wealth.
Assuming (and at this point in time it’s a huge assumption) that the decentralized Bitcoin system can naturally scale in parallel with an explosive rise in the number of enlightened users, the path to billions of willing new users worldwide as shown in the above figure is a slam dunk.
But alas, as currently designed and implemented, the decentralized Bitcoin network cannot support exponential growth to billions of users. The base protocol must be changed somehow to accommodate layer two applications for a graceful, timely, move from millions to billions of world wide users. The bottom line is that Bitcoin needs to change to scale.
Because of a nasty, 2+ year old, scaling war being waged between two internally polarized factions of the Bitcoin community (SegWit vs. XT/Classic/BU armies), the lack of change in the system software has imposed a hard ceiling on the number of users the system is providing value to – stunting the growth and uptake of one of the world’s greatest inventions. Keeping the system software unchanged as more users attempt to come on board has led to: network saturation, increasing average per-transaction fees of up to $1, and per-transaction confirmation times on the order of days.
As the figure below depicts, the lack of a consensus scaling solution has at least temporarily suspended movement toward the holy grail envisioned by Bitcoin’s creator, Satoshi Nakamoto: the use of Bitcoin by billions of people as “a peer-to-peer electronic cash system“. The rising fees and confirmation times have turned off millions of newbies initially attracted to the system because of its potential to satisfy the requirements of the payment use case.
I’m into Bitcoin for the long haul. If it crashes to $0 or stays stuck in the million user niche of solely serving as a “a peer-to-peer electronic store of value system“, I’m in. What about you?
The bitcoin core development team chose to implement the top option. The bitcoin XT, Classic, and Unlimited development teams chose to implement the middle option. Sadly, no team chose to implement the bottom option.
Two years ago, the XT, Classic, and BU camp(s) saw the high Tx fees and long confirmation times we have in place today – it was clear as day. But rather than paying attention to their concerns and incorporating a max block size increase into their SegWit design, the majority of the Core team and their backers chose to ignore, censor, and ostracize anyone who didn’t agree with their chosen path. As a result, we now have an existential crisis going on within the bitcoin community which may lead to the total collapse of the ground-breaking cryptocurrency. Bummer.